Rather than a knee-jerk reaction to Sonia's behavior, the staff tries to determine what the antecedent was, what observable behavior occurred, and what consequence was enforced. Together they went to the fair. Your email address will not be published. In this example, the antecedent is the word professor and the pronoun referring to it is the word him. Positive Reinforcement: Positive reinforcement is the process of rewarding a subject for performing a desired behavior. In Laymen terms, an antecedent is what was happening or what/who was present right before the behavior occurred. Behavior modification using antecedent stimuli dates back to the late 1800's. In behavior analysis, ABC data is typically the preferred method used when observing a behavior.This involves directly observing and recording situational factors surrounding a problem behavior using an assessment tool called ABC data collection. Who is present when the target behavior occurs? 3) Decrease the physical effort needed for the child to engage in the desired behavior. What do other people say or do immediately before the problem behavior? Your email address will not be published. List of questions to ask to gather information on the antecedents of a problem behavior: Manipulating antecedents to evoke desirable behaviors. Antecedent Definition . For example, the cue for eating healthy foods is the presence of healthy foods in the kitchen or in the individual’s lunch bag. Often students, especially students with developmental disabilities, are frightened by people in uniforms if their parents have had to call the police to get assistance with a particularly violent meltdown. ANTECEDENT: "The antecedent for his or her crying, Cite this page: N., Pam M.S., "ANTECEDENT," in, https://psychologydictionary.org/antecedent/, How to Deal with a Disrespectful Stepchild, Discrimination and Mental Illness in the LGBT Population. Clearly, the antecedent is being presented with the work folder, and it happens at the beginning of the day. A wool sweater, for example, might feel fine to most people, but for some student with autism, it can feel like sandpaper, or even nails, scratching against their skin. This would make food more reinforcing and therefore strengthen the behavior of getting and eating food. For example, in the sentence: If John is a man, then he will eventually die, if John is a man is the antecedent. To arrange the environment, you could buy a healthy food cookbook to make it more likely that you will cook food that tastes good and more likely to eat it. Or, giving Sonia her work folder later in the morning, after a talk, excursion outside, or even a song, might lead to a better outcome. This proves the point that an antecedent comes before the pronoun in a grammatically correct sentence. To understand the definition of ABC, it's important to know the meaning of each of its component parts. This involves directly observing and recording situational factors surrounding a problem behavior using an assessment tool called ABC data collection. In a proposition, this refers to the if part that is then followed by the then part. ABC is a fundamental concept for those working with children, particularly students with special needs. For example, the antecedent may be a request from a teacher, the presence of another person or student, or even a change in the environment. For example, give a student only five or 10 math problems at a time instead of 40. Present the cues for the desired behavior in the child’s environment. In linguistics, the noun or pronoun to whom the phrase refers (for example, train in the sentence: the train was late tonight). In behavior analysis, ABC data is typically the preferred method used when observing a behavior. In other words, you need to try to determine what antecedent(s) led to the behavior. This addresses the impact of the environment on the antecedent or setting event. Reference: Antecedent … Suppose Sonia enjoys social interaction, the simple give-and-take of dialogue between a teacher, paraprofessionals, and the student. Before delving into gathering information about antecedents, it's helpful to view some examples of antecedents. All of these things may contribute to the "setting event" or antecedent to the event. For example, the ball hit the window and the old man had a heart attack. Does it happen in public? Yin, Henry H., Sean B. Ostlund, and Bernard W. Balleine. Any of these things can then evoke a behavior by the student, such as acting out, throwing a tantrum, screaming, or just shutting down. If the healthy foods are not present, the person or child will be less likely to eat such foods; if they are present and readily available the person or child will be more likely to eat them. Behavior Modification: The process of using various techniques to alter the behavior of a subject is what we call behavior modification. For example, say you ask your daughter to put away her toys. (1997). Instead of giving her a work folder the minute she comes into the classroom, the teacher, or education team, might ask: What does Sonia enjoy? A (antecedent) = what’s happening in an environment prior to a behavior occurring* B (behavior) = behavior that is caused by the antecedent. Perhaps a brief morning excursion outside on the playground might be the best way to start Sonia's day.