1. However, I find that usage does not conform to my presumption. The INDICATIVE mood indicates FACTS about actions or states. . Two (sets of) questions. In this lesson, we introduce another mood: the SUBJUNCTIVE. In prohibitions, the aorist subjunctive usually takes its place. However, you said that ALL the passive imperatives are middle. οὔτοι ἀπ’ ἀρχῆς πάντα θεοὶ θνητοῖς ὑπέδειξαν. 413. Perhaps my understanding of the middle is too narrow, but there are a few occurrences that still strike me as truly passive. by Stephen Hughes » April 19th, 2015, 1:22 am, Post The passive voice indicates this new birth was produced by a Source outside of the recipient and in context that Source is "the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ". 415. A Greek grammar for colleges. This lesson presents one more mood: the IMPERATIVE. I have trouble conceiving of it as a true passive, in which Subject1 is acted upon by Subject2. . In the indicative mood there are seven tenses: present, imperfect, future, aorist (the equivalent of past simple), perfect, pluperfect, and future perfect. The IMPERATIVE mood is used to give COMMANDS. In saying "your name be hallowed," is that not passive? λύθητι is for λυθη-θι. You have already learned the verb ἔρχομαι (I come, go), for example. Vocabulary The imperative mood conveys a COMMAND for someone to perform the action of the verb. Still, its translation into English is active voice. Ancient Greek verbs have four moods (indicative, imperative, subjunctive and optative), three voices (active, middle and passive), as well as three persons (first, second and third) and three numbers (singular, dual and plural).. by Stephen Carlson » June 2nd, 2011, 6:57 pm, Post The Aorist tense conveys the truth that the believer's new birth (indicative mood is mood of reality) has occurred at a point in the past without specifying when this event occurred. I'm looking for some direction on interpreting the Greek passive imperative, particularly in the NT. Beginning with this lesson, the Aorist Passive form of each verb is shown as the sixth form in that verb's listing. I would follow what Thayer's Lexicon says and translate like this "καταλλάγητε τῷ Θεῷ, allow yourselves to be reconciled to God; do not oppose your return into his favor, but lay hold of that favor now offered you, 2 Corinthians 5:20" (, ↳   Church Fathers and Patristic Greek Texts, ↳   Campbell: Advances in the Study of Greek, ↳   Eleanor Dickey: Composition and Analysis of Greek Prose, http://www.artsci.wustl.edu/~cwconrad/GrkVc.html. It is an action without history or continuation. They differ in what is called ASPECT. First Aorist Active Participle . The aorist imperative as a prohibition gives no hint of whether or not the activity is actually in progress. Presumably, the imperative would mean, "Subject1, allow Subject2 to act upon you." Aorist Passive. 24:17), but not often. Page Content, Design, and Coding by Micheal W. Palmer. A Digital Tutorial for Ancient Greek Based on John William White's First Greek Book Created by Jeff Rydberg-Cox, Classical and Ancient Studies Program, University of Missouri-Kansas City---Previous Table of Contents Vocabulary Reference Grammar Next---> LESSON XLIV: Imperative Middle and Passive. Peter's point then is that it is not believers who make themselves holy (eg, by keeping a list of do's and don't's) but it is God Who makes us progressively more and more holy as we surrender our will to His sweet will. by cwconrad » June 2nd, 2011, 2:36 pm, Post I find it easy to read this as, "Each of you, allow [someone] to baptize you..." Is that not passive? Practice Quiz. It is found in the New Testament (e.g. The pattern to form the FIRST AORIST ACTIVE participle is: verb stem + σα + ντ + 3-1-3 adjective endings Predictable sound changes yield the following endings for the nominative singular of first aorist active participles: Or, perhaps better put, what is the significance of an imperative in the passive vs. the active?