But this doesn’t mean the plants would be resistant to all herbicides, other herbicidal products could also work. Considering the rising food demand in coming years, this could be the answer on how to solve malnutrition. A forceful attempt to alter the natural genetic make-up of the plant may result in a change of taste and flavor of such food. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. In 2019, we have reached the level This is therefore not a solution we can afford to ignore when so many hundreds of people, many young children, suffer from malnutrition. However, there are some potential consequences of using biotechnology and scientists feel these side effects should be considered as well. This revolutionized the section of pest control for the farmers. and cotton grown in USA is now sourced through genetically modified crops. Farmers use newer developments in the section of pest control because if not, there is a risk of severely lowering of yields. Navigation: Definition…. As i was discussing the history of genetic engineering, I mentioned the term ‘genetically modified foods‘. There are three federal government agencies that keep checks on associations between biotechnology and agriculture. The concern of humans regarding their food products is understandable. Many breeds can not interbreed because of their natural genetic make up. However, organic foods are usually from family farms that specifically avoid using any biotech in growing crops. Required fields are marked *, Plants possess the capability to make their own food, something almost all other organisms living on the planet…, What is a heatwave? Some of the issues related to applications of biotechnology are discussed ahead. It helped reducing fuel consumption thereby conserving natural resources and protecting nature. Some believe the genes could get into the weeds and then those plants could ‘escape’ into the wild and lead to damaging changes to Ecosystems. Then I’ll tell you all about Agricultural Biotechnology! And before i say anything more let me just get right into the topic of how blending biotechnology and agriculture is beneficial for us. With the rising population demand for food, it has become somewhat necessary to increase the yields of farms to fulfill that demand. In other words, it is the fact that this is considered a scientific and very invasive process compared to traditional practices. For centuries, farmers have been manipulating the genetics of plants and animals in order to obtain certain traits or enhance them through a process known as selective breeding. This means the nutritional value of many other food crops could possibly be increased using recombinant dna technology. biotechnology. Proponents of agritech, however, believe that their technology can introduce truly sustainable farming practices and even reduce the environmental impact of agriculture. With population rising, it is estimated that by 2050 we will be heading for a great food crisis, as the world will need at least 70% more food. newer methods so well that one-third of the corn as well as 3/4 of soya bean While there are pros and cons of food biotechnology, it can not be said that this advancement in agriculture is worth celebrating. The impacts of technology in advancing agriculture to meet the growing food and raw material demands of a rising population has taken different forms. Often when you’re reading about genetically engineered crops or gmos you wonder how you could get your hands on the genetically modified agricultural products that are produced as a result. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Biotechnology has made it possible by strengthening disease and drought resistance. Research suggests that, in the food section of the supermarkets, atleast 60-70% of food products may be derived ,in full, or partially, from crops developed using new techniques. Another term popularly used is ‘genetically modified organism’ or ‘GMO’ as i mentioned them multiple times throughout this article. Let us know if you liked this article. Other than that, Recent studies have indicated an effect on the lifespan and cognitive abilities of insects that feed on these plants. Ensure a Sustainable Green Future with Environment Buddy! This is because genetically modified produce can be given properties that allow it to be harvested when ripe but then the ripening process can be stopped which means consumers can have access to fresher produce with a longer shelf life. As we discussed above of how transgenic crops became inherently resistant to pesticides, this led to much reduced used of pesticides. What is more, supporters of agritech also believe that their technology can also reduce waste and optimize the food available to us in supermarkets. One of the earliest applications of biotechnology, in its simplest form, was in agriculture. Agricultural biotechnology can also increase the shelf life of gm food products which could help in reducing waste as well as allow consumers access to fresher produce. Introduction of transgenic bt cotton has led to 15% decline in use of pesticides in all of United States! Food Biotechnology has undoubtedly benefitted both farmers and consumers, but there are still risks of biotechnology in agriculture, the environment, both humans, animals and the non livings. Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are those whose genes have been artificially modified…, Specifically made this article to remind you of Father’s day. What happened with cotton and corn was that the DNA of a naturally insect-killing organism, Bacillus Thuringiensis was introduced into their DNA. This techniques tells us that the gene transfer was successful. environmental and social implications as a result of applications of Bt corn, cotton and glyphosate-resistant are sometimes referred to as ‘biotech crops’ or ‘gm crops’. This is at many times not economically viable for small family farms which cannot take the risk. U.S Food and Drug Administration (FDA). In the first place, there is a knee-jerk reaction against genetic manipulation. What scientists noticed is that while rice already contains the genes that produce vitamin A, these get turned off as the rice grow; so what the scientists did was to reverse the process so that the vitamin A genes get activated during the growth [5]. Farmers are forced to buy new hybrid seeds every season because the second generation seeds from biotech crops are always infertile. As we were discussing how the antibiotic resistance gene in plants could escape and end up in bacteria. This means that, to reap the benefits of plant biotechnology, the farmers will have to enter the economic cycle of major biotech seed companies. What is certain is that we need to remain vigilant regarding the health and environmental implications. So here goes. As we all know, nature is part of most of the environment we see around us. As such, agritech can help in resolving hunger but also malnutrition. With reduced use of pesticides, there is reduced pesticide residues on food products and reduced leeching of pesticides into the groundwater and nearby rivers and lakes. Biotechnology doesn’t only make plants be more resistant to worsening climate change but literally makes them better. Transgenic melons are being researched on and are undergoing field trials nowadays. But our technology has since then moved even further, which resulted in first food product produced through plant biotechnology in 1990. This has led to FDA advising food developers to abstain from using such type of a gene, although the chance of this gene making it’s way into the DNA of bacteria is very minute.