Thirst Quencher: Homemade Electrolyte Drink, The Warning Signs of Dehydration in Toddlers. These may be helpful for some athletes during prolonged activities. Potassium, or K, is responsible for the functioning of excitable tissues such as skeletal and cardiac muscle and nerves. For example, hyperkalemia and hypercalcemia are indicative of excess amounts of potassium and calcium, respectively, which can disrupt the overall balance and functioning of the nerves, cardiovascular system, and muscles. Always consult a medical provider for diagnosis and treatment. In the older adult: one of the primary reasons older populations are at an elevated risk of dehydration and electrolyte imbalance is a diminished thirst response. Although there are many trace elements that keep the body healthy, several important electrolytes can severely affect patients when they are either too high (hyper…) or too low (hypo…). However, water is often the only thing that is needed. It’s used mostly for people who have symptoms of cystic…. Therefore, you need to get an adequate amount of electrolytes from your diet to keep your body functioning as it should. Though these products can replace some of the electrolytes and fluids lost during sweating, many of them are also quite high in sugar. Electrolyte imbalances such as increased or decreased concentrations of sodium, potassium, and calcium in your blood can cause many different medical problems. Electrolyte imbalances often occur due to dehydration caused by excess heat, vomiting or diarrhea. For example, someone might have an electrolyte imbalance because of untreated type 1 diabetes. For example, overly aggressive treatment of hypo- and hyperkalemia can cause cardiac arrhythmias.11, Some additional complications that can be caused by electrolyte imbalance include:11. Your email address will not be published. Currently, Salzman continues in her writing, leadership and administrative roles at Aquatic Therapy University and 10K Health. Electrolytes are particles that carry either a positive or negative charge. Individuals who dehydrate through exercise or activity can typically look to the electrolyte restoration possibilities of sports drinks. Electrolyte Blood Press. They’re vital for your nervous system, muscles and maintaining an optimal body environment. When the body becomes dehydrated, certain symptoms can arise such as dry mouth or increased thirst. Our servers have detected that you are accessing this site from a country that is a member of the European Union. Sign up for our Health Tip of the Day newsletter, and receive daily tips that will help you live your healthiest life. Open Access Maced J Med Sci. Between these two extremes is a vast middle ground with some patients requiring rapid – though not emergency – medical assistance, and some patients self-correcting without ever knowing anything more than that they ‘felt a bit off’. You may need to switch to a different medication type. For example, weakness is a potential symptom of certain electrolyte imbalances. Most people get enough electrolytes from the foods that they eat, but specific circumstances might cause those electrolytes to get out of whack. It’s also important to pinpoint any medications that might be contributing to the problem. If you suspect you have an electrolyte imbalance, speak with your doctor. El-Sherif N, Turitto G. Electrolyte disorders and arrhythmogenesis. An excellent guide to the use of such sports drinks was put out by Australia’s AIS Sports Supplement Framework, an initiative of AIS Sports Nutrition.6. Clinical signs of hyperkalaemia include muscle weakness, hypotension, bradycardia and loss of cardiac output, and ECG changes may include peaked T waves and flattened P waves. Electrolytes are usually tested as a group, along with other electrolytes and additional key laboratory values. They also ensure that your body’s internal environment is optimal by keeping you hydrated and helping regulate your internal pH. Electrolyte imbalances are often seen in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy and may result in high blood calcium levels or other imbalances. On the other hand, if the person is over-hydrated, they might need to limit how much fluids they are drinking and potentially take diuretics (to help them get rid of extra fluid via the urine).. Electrolytes like salt, potassium, and calcium perform a variety of important functions within your body. Some of the body’s most important electrolytes are: Your body works hard to keep the body’s electrolytes within a certain concentration in your blood. Specific electrolytes are also added to certain sports drinks advertised to replenish them when this might be needed (like after intense exercise). Electrolyte imbalances can be caused by a deficiency or an overabundance of minerals in the body.