[342] The Houston Air Route Traffic Control Center is located at Bush Intercontinental. On February 14 and 15, 1895, Houston received 20 inches (51 cm) of snow, its largest snowfall from one storm on record. The Niels Esperson Building stood as the tallest building in Houston from 1927 to 1929. [171] Other prominent Catholic jurisdictions include the Eastern Catholic Ruthenian Greek Catholic Church and Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church. [250] BBVA Compass Stadium is a soccer-specific stadium for the Houston Dynamo, the Texas Southern Tigers football team, and Houston Dash, located in East Downtown. [249] Minute Maid Park is also a retractable-roof stadium. [232] Facilities in the Theater District include the Jones Hall—home of the Houston Symphony Orchestra and Society for the Performing Arts—and the Hobby Center for the Performing Arts. St. Thomas provides a liberal arts curriculum for roughly 3,000 students at its historic 19-block campus along Montrose Boulevard. Percentages of language groups who said that they spoke English at least "very well" include 46% of Spanish speakers, 37% of Vietnamese speakers, 50% of Chinese speakers, 85% of French speakers, and 72% of Urdu speakers. The Bank of America Center by Philip Johnson is an example of postmodern architecture. Houston proper began to spread across the region. Consequently, rather than a single central business district as the center of the city's employment, multiple districts and skylines have grown throughout the city in addition to Downtown, which include Uptown, the Texas Medical Center, Midtown, Greenway Plaza, Memorial City, the Energy Corridor, Westchase, and Greenspoint. Home > Demographics > County: Harris > Ethnicity. Moreover, Houston is the only metropolitan area with less than ten million citizens where such CO2 dome can be detected by satellites. By Houston History Magazine on November 23, 2019 in Arts & Culture, Education, Houstonians, Race & Ethnicity, University of Houston By James L. Conyers, Jr. African American Studies (AAS) at the University of Houston is an academic unit in the College of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences. [27] Railroad spurs from the Texas inland converged in Houston, where they met rail lines to the ports of Galveston and Beaumont. Uptown became one of the most prominent instances of an edge city. Greater Houston's freeway system is monitored by Houston TranStar, a partnership of four government agencies which is responsible for providing transportation and emergency management services to the region.[320]. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, a mini-boom of midrise and highrise residential tower construction occurred, with several over 30 stories tall. In addition to developing new streets and single-family housing within a floodplain, a flowing flood-water stream termed a floodway runs through the development area, a most dangerous place to encounter during any future flooding event. Employing more than 73,600 people, institutions at the medical center include 13 hospitals and two specialty institutions, two medical schools, four nursing schools, and schools of dentistry, public health, pharmacy, and virtually all health-related careers. Houston is also within the Bible Belt. [188] In the United States, the port ranks first in international commerce and 16th among the largest ports in the world. [109] During the mid-2010s, Greater Houston experienced consecutive major flood events in 2015 ("Memorial Day"),[111] 2016 ("Tax Day"),[112] and 2017 (Hurricane Harvey). Thousands of enslaved black people lived near the city before the American Civil War. [192] Only 27 countries other than the United States have a gross domestic product exceeding Houston's regional gross area product (GAP). Westchase Houston 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% Count White 1 Hispanic 2 Black Asian Mixed 1 Other 1 23.9%. [48] One month later, about 2.5 million Houston-area residents evacuated when Hurricane Rita approached the Gulf Coast, leaving little damage to the Houston area. That year, of all counties in Texas, Harris County had the largest number of refugee settlements. We also recall historic events that impact our culture. [114] The majority of rainfall occurs between April and October (the wet season of Southeast Texas), when the moisture from the Gulf of Mexico evaporates extensively over the city. Hurricane Harvey damaged hundreds of thousands of homes and dumped trillions of gallons of water into the city. Census block groups are preferred when the statistic in question is available on the block group level. [125] Under Texas law Harris County, like other more rural Texas counties, cannot direct developers where to build or not build via land use controls such as a zoning ordinance, and instead can only impose general floodplain regulations for enforcement during subdivision approvals and building permit approvals. Furthermore, Jankowski stated that "more than 100 foreign-owned companies relocated, expanded or started new businesses in Houston" between 2008 and 2010, and this openness to external business boosted job creation during a period when domestic demand was problematically low. Each statistic is computed as the weighted sum or average of the census tracts or block groups that overlap the neighborhood. The national average was 8.7 percent in 2016. [272] The FBI's Uniform Crime Report (UCR) indicates a downward trend of violent crime in Houston over the ten- and twenty-year periods ending in 2016, which is consistent with national trends. ±water surface only in adjacent county, ‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties; To the north in Neartown, the University of St. Thomas, founded in 1947, is Houston's only Catholic university. The city of Houston was founded by land investors on August 30, 1836,[11] at the confluence of Buffalo Bayou and White Oak Bayou (a point now known as Allen's Landing) and incorporated as a city on June 5, 1837. The Federal Aviation Administration and the state of Texas selected the Houston Airport System as "Airport of the Year" in 2005, largely due to the implementation of a $3.1 billion airport improvement program for both major airports in Houston.[339]. Race and Ethnicity in Westchase, Houston, Texas (Neighborhood) Race and Ethnicity#1. [200], In 2008, Houston received top ranking on Kiplinger's Personal Finance "Best Cities of 2008" list, which ranks cities on their local economy, employment opportunities, reasonable living costs, and quality of life.