Expert supposition is that the story was passed down to multiple generations through oral recitation until eventually memorialized in written form. Teachers and parents! Hrothgar tells Wulfgar that he remembers Beowulf from when he was a young boy and recalls his friendship with Beowulf’s … Some of these deviations from the main tale include actual historical happenings. Before his death, Beowulf requests to be buried on a burial mound by the sea called a barrow, and Wiglaf honors his last wishes: the People of the Geats got ready the mighty funeral pyre, and hung it round with helmets and battle-shields, and bright byrnies as he had asked. A complete timeline of the epic poem Beowulf would involve digressions into numerous happenings, fictional and historical, that exceed the scope of the tale’s main plot. Beowulf responds to Unferth’s taunts by reminding the group of his previous adventures. While it dates from the year 1000 AD, it might have actually been written sometime in the seventh, eighth, or ninth centuries. Following the feast, after Beowulf leaves and while the Danes are asleep, Grendel’s mother, who resides at the bottom of the lake of monsters, broods over Grendel’s death and seeks revenge. Hrothgar therefore sees Beowulf's arrival as an answer from God to his plight and situation. Here Hrothgar describes bad warriors. Family, in this culture, is the measure of a man. Hrothgar speaks of the temptations of hubris (excessive pride) and tells young Beowulf always to remember that great joy is followed by great sorrow. Already a member? She heads to Heorot and captures Hrothgar’s friend Aeschere and carries him off to the lake of fire. Log in here. Hrothgar mentions that Beowulf's grasp is supposedly equal to that of thirty men, and concludes that God must have sent this warrior to help the Danes. The man steals some items from the cave, and after some three hundred years, the dragon is awakened, becomes angry, and seeks vengeance. The old king offers his own life as an example of the changing fortunes that can come with age. He believes that God sent him to save them from Grendel's attacks. before the Geats depart, known as "Hrothgar's Sermon," is important thematically as it warns of the dangers of fame and the mutability of time. ©2020, Inc. All Rights Reserved, What causes Grendel to attack the mead-hall Herot in. Furthermore, many of the references included in the story might have been familiar to the people of the era but are difficult for the modern reader to comprehend. -Beowulf is praised the next day; Grendel is dead and they believe that there troubles are over. A good boast shows intelligence and quick wit, though it won't reflect well on the boaster if he can't back up his words with deeds. The implication is that they not only die, but die in shame for failing to live up to their boasts. He is excited that Beowulf is there to help since he heard that Beowulf has the strength of about … Note that the watchman doesn't ask who they are, but for their lineage (tribe and family). Upon hearing of Beowulf’s arrival in Heorot, Hrothgar the melancholy King permits the warriors’ entrance despite it being unexpected and armed. “Would not have made it through AP Literature without the printable PDFs. Approximately one-fifth of the poem recounts episodes unrelated to the main action of the story. The best efforts to compose a timeline of the events of the main story of Beowulf would begin when the character Beowulf, a Swedish warrior from the Geats tribe and the strongest man alive, learns of Grendel, a hellish monster, neither man nor beast, who is threatening the land of King Hrothgar. Note also how treasure functions as a diplomatic tool. Grendel is fatally wounded and flees. Giving up weapons shows how little Beowulf fears death in his quest for fame and great deeds. Many years earlier, Hrothgar paid money to the Wulfings to resolve a blood feud they had with Ecgtheow, Beowulf's father. Therefore, he has earned Beowulf’s loyalty before the story begins. In lines 1700-84, Hrothgar warns Beowulf about the dangers of kingship. Beowulf knew that, “When [they] crossed the sea, [his] comrades and [him], … knew that all [their] purpose was this: to win the goodwill of [Hrothgar’s] people or die in battle,” (29).