Dushyanta, the one you have accepted as your husband, is a noble man devoted to dharma. But when the in-dweller God is not pleased, Yamaraja punishes the sinner for his evil deeds. your son for you. By the 18th century, Western poets were beginning to get acquainted with works of Indian literature and philosophy. Of the eight kinds of marriage sanctioned by the Vedas, gandharva vivaha is the one where the bride and groom willingly marry each other in secret out of love (Manu Smrti 3.32). His kavach (arm band/armour) had fallen off his arm. and all at once is said. Kalidasa’s Shakuntala: The Power of a Ring. It depicts a rift between the hero and his father because the son chooses to marry a woman from an “inferior” socio-economic background; the young woman herself remains emotionally loyal to her in-laws and is instrumental in reuniting her husband with his family. Dushyanta, pursuing a male deer wounded by his arrow into the ashrama, saw Shakuntala nursing the deer, her pet, and fell in love with her. Great work, keep it going. He looked at him and asked, “Who are you? Willst du den Himmel, die Erde, mit Einem Namen begreifen; My entire kingdom will be yours. Get weekly updates on the newest articles, quotes and newsletters right in your mailbox. She leaves the court, wailing for her mother Menaka, who suddenly appears from the skies and whisks her away. Revisiting Abhijnanashakuntalam: Love, Lineage and Language in Kalidasa's Nataka, New Delhi: Orient Blackswan, pp. Is there a greater happiness for a father than to embrace his son whose limbs are dirty because of playing with dirt? The rishi, realizing that his extreme wrath was not warranted, modified his curse saying that the person who had forgotten Shakuntala would remember everything again if she showed him a personal token that had been given to her. It is not appropriate that a king’s son is growing up without being in touch with his father.” Shakuntala took this young boy and set out for the palace. The Recognition of Shakuntala. He was pursuing a male deer wounded by his weapon. She succeeded, and bore a child by him. In the Mahabharata her story is told by Vaishampayana in response to a question by King Janamejaya about his remote ancestors. Your beauty and qualities rob me of my heart. ", "Here is a fragment from one of the most poignant episodes of Indian history…. Shakuntala soon became radiant with the offspring of Dushyanta she was carrying within her. Shakuntala is portrayed in a gentler manner, and instead of feisty words, she raises her ring finger to prove her identity. But do not forsake this child who is your own son. The friends are satisfied, for Shakuntala possesses a ring gifted by Dushyant. Even ants take care of their eggs and do not break them. The family is reunited. When they were crossing a river in a boat, she put her hand out, just to feel the water, and the oversized ring slipped into the river. Or perhaps she is timeless. ", Having heard these words from the sky, Dushyanta was delighted. He knows all our acts and evil deeds. You also please do the same with me." Just then Arjuna saw his dear friend Bhagawan Krishna approaching him…. The story of Shakuntala originates in the Mahabharata, a large collection of legendary, philosophical, and religious material that dates at least as early as 400 B.C.E. Mahabharata (Hindi Translation): The Mahabharata (English Translation) Volume 1: Manusmrti (Sanskrit Text with English Translation): Living According to Manu: God’s Manual of Instruction for Life, Ananda: Analysis of Happiness in the Upanishads, Understanding Dharma: The Four Authentic Sources, Durga Puja - Worshipping the Wife of Shiva, Daughter of Bengal, Iconography of Vaishnava Deities: Goddess Lakshmi, Analyzing the Eternal Dimensions of Dharma Through Itihasa (History), The Light That Enlightened Millions