The parachute-like white fluff from trees is just fruit capsules with seeds of the cottonwood tree. The leaves and fruits of an eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides). As the largest of the American poplars, Black Cottonwood is also one of the largest hardwood trees in western North America. The fruit is a wind dispersed achene, that appears to look like patches of cotton hanging from limbs, thus the name cottonwood. Interest exists in using poplar as an energy crop for biomass, in energy forestry systems, particularly in light of its high energy-in to energy-out ratio, large carbon mitigation potential, and fast growth. Pronunciation: pop-U-lus tri-ko-KAR-pa. Family: Salicaceae. They are the basic sources of food for all living … After releasing their pollen, male stamens are shed. YP - The Real Yellow Pages SM - helps you find the right local businesses to meet your specific needs. It bursts into three to four sections to release its seeds. Its flexibility and close grain make it suitable for a number of applications, similar to those for willow. Fruit: Catkins 4-5 inches long – no seed. are named for the abundant summer seed production of female trees. Native Americans in the Western United States and Mexico used parts of the Frémont's cottonwood variously for a medicine, in basket weaving, tool making, and for musical instruments. Two notable poems in English lament the cutting down of poplars, William Cowper's "The Poplar Field" and Gerard Manley Hopkins' "Binsey Poplars felled 1879". This species flowers in May, before or during leaf emergence and fruits May-July, with seed dispersal in June-July. The largest known P. fremontii tree in the United States grows in Skull Valley, Arizona. The Greeks and Etruscans made shields of poplar, and Pliny the Elder also recommended poplar for this purpose. Bark is rough and fissured, light gray to whitish. Bark: Light gray-brown. Cottonwood Varieties. Latin name: Populus deltoides Common name: Eastern cottonwood. wislizeni had originally placed this eastern cottonwood subspecies as a P. fremontii subspecies, but it was removed in 1977.[8]. It is typically found growing along streams and rivers but also … First Name . Similarly, though typically it is considered to have a less attractive grain than the traditional sitka spruce, poplar is beginning to be targeted by some harp luthiers as a sustainable and even superior alternative for their sound boards:[19] in these cases another hardwood veneer is sometimes applied to the resonant poplar base both for cosmetic reasons, and supposedly to fine-tune the acoustic properties. It tolerates a wide range of soil pH, 4.5-8.0. and can withstand occasional flooding. Come Grow with Us! The common name of cottonwood comes from the appearance of these hairs, which resemble cotton. Black Cottonwood . Leaves are alternate. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Green on top, dull green underneath. Hardiness zone(s) 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, … Angelone's Florist. In the United States, scientists studied converting short rotation coppice poplar into sugars for biofuel (e.g. Pollination is by wind, with the female catkins lengthening considerably between pollination and maturity. In Billie Holiday's Strange Fruit, she sings "Black bodies swinging in the southern breeze/Strange fruit hanging from the poplar trees…". Populus deltoides, or Cottonwood, the official Kansas state tree, occurs throughout Kansas. Named after 19th century American explorer John C. Fremont, it is similar to the Eastern Cottonwood, differing mainly in the leaves having fewer, larger serrations on the leaf edge and small … Sycamores (Plantanus occidentalis) and cottonwoods (Populus deltoides) are different species of trees. Logs of poplar are therefore also used as bait in termite traps (termaps) for biocontrol of termites in crops. Populus deltoides, or Cottonwood, the official Kansas state tree, occurs throughout Kansas. It is used in planting for: wildlife food and shelter habitats and ecological restoration; larger native plant and wildlife gardens and natural landscaping projects,[2] windbreaks, erosion control, and shade for recreation facilities, parks, and livestock. The fruit is a wind dispersed achene, that appears to look like patches of cotton hanging from limbs, thus the name cottonwood. Drought-tolerant? Individuals can pay with Visa, MC, Amex or Discover. Growth Rate Cottonwood is a fast growing tree when it has adequate moisture and often grows as much as 8 feet per year. The Death Shot A Story Retold. The Botany of Cottonwood. The fruits of Black Cottonwoods are similar except they have a hairy appearance. cottonwood: see willow willow, common name for some members of the Salicaceae, a family of deciduous trees and shrubs of worldwide distribution, especially abundant from north temperate to arctic areas. The lightweight, rather soft wood is used primarily for core stock in manufacturing furniture and for pulpwood. Some stringed instruments are made with one-piece poplar backs; violas made in this fashion are said[citation needed] to have a particularly resonant tone. The wood is generally white, often with a slightly yellowish colour. Cottonwood trees are huge deciduous trees that have large green leaves and thick foliage. The trees bear fruit which is hairless and light brown. [7], Two subspecies are currently recognized. Firewise? Lombardy poplars are frequently used as a windbreak around agricultural fields to protect against wind erosion. Supporting Documents. The bark and leaves could be used to make poultices to reduce inflammation or to treat wounds. About Search Results. Leaves: Eastern cottonwood trees are characterized by simple leaves 3-4 inches long, that are triangular in shape, with curved teeth along the border, and flat stalks. [12] Poplar continued to be used for shield construction through the Middle Ages and was renowned for a durability similar to that of oak, but at a substantial reduction in weight. Filter by sub-region or select one of u-pick fruits, vegetables, berries. fast pyrolysis) was also studied for making biofuel from short rotation coppice poplar and was found to have higher energy recovery than that from bioconversion.[18]. Plants are useful to human beings in innumerable ways. Comments: The state tree of Kansas. While the information is prepared with Indiana and other gardeners in the Midwestern U.S. in mind, much is applicable to gardeners around the globe. [17] Poplar was the most common wood used in Italy for panel paintings; the Mona Lisa and most famous early renaissance Italian paintings are on poplar. Thin stock also adapts well to painted or stenciled scrollsaw projects. These photos show the capsules that are the fruit of the Eastern cottonwood tree. Male catkins are 1” long, and produce up to 60 stamens. The tree was named after 19th century American explorer and pathfinder John C. Frémont. The tree is native to the Southwestern United States and Mexico. About Zaiger Genetics; Remembering Floyd Zaiger; Zaiger Fruit; Zaiger Interspecifics; Zaiger … Widely spread in Ukrainian folklore symbolise beauty or loneliness of a spear, hence name! Site is a signature of the largest hardwood trees in western North America are... Begins at about 15 years in narrow-leaf cottonwood the Narrowleaf cottonwood and the fluffy seed hairs assist in dispersal... 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